PROJECTS on soybean production continue to reap bright results following its first year of implementation.
This developed from the project’s “on-farm field trials” which were conducted in the provinces of Bukidnon (Region-10) and Agusan del Sur (Region-13) under the Soybean Research and Development (R&D) Program that were visited and evaluated based on their recent research findings.
The field trials were monitored and evaluated by the Crops Research Division (CRD) of the Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST-PCAARRD), together with the Institute of Planting Breeding–University of the Philippines Los Baños (IPB-UPLB), and the Department of Agriculture–Regional Field Offices (RFOs) 10 and 13.
The targeted regions are among the cooperating regions of DA and IPB-UPLB under the Soybean R&D Program dubbed “Improvement of Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) for Better Nutrition, Higher Income, and Enhanced Soil Health.”
The program is part of the Industry Strategic S&T Program (ISP) for soybean of the DOST-PCAARRD which aims to increase the income of the farmers by integrating soybean in different cropping systems, enhance the sustainability of the informal soybean seed sector, and develop soybean varieties with enhanced functional properties.
The evaluating team assessed the different on-farm trials in Region 10, specifically in the municipalities of Sumilao and Libona in Bukidnon.
The top performing soybean varieties in each experimental site were recorded based on set parameters.
It was learned from Jemseal R. Napier of DA-NMACLRC, a soybean accession from the World Vegetable Center (previously known as the Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center), that the variety called SP 963-9 performed best in Libona, while “Manchuria” topped the four trials in Sumilao.
The AGS 374, a soybean accession from Tiwala 8 x LXI8A (lipoxygenase null) selection, ranked second in all on-farm trials, while Tiwala 6 ranked third.
In terms of pests and diseases, AGS 374 remained resistant to aphids and powdery mildew, compared with the SP series in on-farm trials in Sumilao.
Further research and evaluation of the said varieties aim to determine the soybean lines with desired traits and suitability to different growing areas.
Meanwhile, Tijani B. Auxtero of the DA-RFO 13 Research and Experiment Station/RES reported the progress and accomplishments of the project in the Caraga region.
Results of the initial soil sampling and characterization in both corn and rice areas will determine the effects of soybean on soil health after a series of trials were conducted in the cropping system.
Evaluation of soybean lines was done on-station and on-farm.
Initial findings showed that the top five soybean varieties are SP 963-5, SP 963-7, SP 963-1, SP 963-6, and SP 963-2.
All of the varieties exhibited good crop stand and high number of pods.
Furthermore, a meeting with farmer-cooperators was held to gather information on farmers’ practices specifically on harvesting, drying, packaging, and storage of soybean seeds.
The Soybean R&D Program, under the leadership of Elmer E. Enicola of IPB-UPLB, is a three-year endeavor to help the local soybean industry. ([email protected]/PN)